Publications

The following manuscripts have been published or are currently in press. Listings are in chronological order, unless otherwise noted.

Title Publication Date/Location
Deployment experiences and motor vehicle crashes among U.S. service members American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2014;46(4):350-358.

Woodall KA, Jacobson IG, Crum-Cianflone NF

Findings indicate experiencing combat during deployment and multiple deployments are strong predictors for a motor vehicle crash (MVC) within the first six months of returning home from deployments in support of Iraq and Afghanistan among U.S. military members. These data provide critical information for targeting prevention strategies to decrease MVCs among personnel postdeployment.

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Anthrax vaccination in the Millennium Cohort: validation and measures of health American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007 Apr;32(4):347-53

Smith B, Leard CA, Smith TC, Reed RJ, Ryan MAK, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

The largest ever evaluation of this topic revealed strong validity of self-reported vaccination, as well as unique health features of the small subset who may misreport vaccination. This work won awards at two research conferences in 2006.

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Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008 Dec;35(6):539-46

Smith B, Ryan MAK, Wingard DL, Patterson TL, Slymen DJ, Macera CA, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings suggest an increase in smoking initiation and recidivism among deployers and highlight the importance of prevention strategies pre, during, and post deployment.

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A longitudinal investigation of smoking initiation and relapse among younger and older US military personnel American Journal of Public Health 2015 Jun;105(6):1220-1229

Boyko EJ, Trone DW, Peterson AV, Jacobson IG, Littman AJ, Maynard C, Seelig AD, Crum-Cianflone NF, Bricker JB

Smoking initiation and relapse were examined among current and former military Service members. Deployment with combat experience predicted higher initiation and relapse rates. Additionally, depending on the panel, prior mental health disorders, life stressors, and other military and nonmilitary characteristics independently predicted initiation and relapse.

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A prospective study of depression following combat deployment in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan American Journal of Public Health 2010 Jan;100(1):90-9

Wells TS, LeardMann CA, Fortuna SO, Smith B, Smith TC, Ryan MAK, Boyko EJ, Blazer D, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings emphasize that exposure to combat, rather than deployment itself, among men and women significantly increase the risk of new-onset depression.

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Deployment, combat, and risk of multiple physical symptoms in the US Military: A prospective cohort study Annals of Epidemiology 2016 Feb;26(2):122-8

McCutchan PK, Liu X, LeardMann CA, Smith TC, Boyko EJ, Gore KL, Freed MC, Engel CC

This study examined longitudinal trends in multiple physical symptoms and its relationship to deployment among US military service members and veterans. Those who had deployed and experienced combat were significantly more likely to report multiple physical symptoms at each time point compared with those not deployed and those who deployed without combat, after adjustment for demographic, military, and health characteristics. Longitudinal trends indicate that the probability of reporting multiple physical symptoms has increased consistently over time only for those deployed, regardless of combat experience.

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Reliability of standard health assessment instruments in a large, population-based cohort study Annals of Epidemiology 2007 Jul;17(7):525-32

Smith TC, Smith B, Jacobson IG, Corbeil TE, Ryan MAK, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Reliability metrics, by test-retest concordance and internal consistency, are extremely strong in Millennium Cohort Study data.

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US military deployment during 2001-2006: comparison of subjective and objective data sources in a large prospective health study Annals of Epidemiology 2007 Dec;17(12):976-82

Smith B, Wingard DL, Ryan MAK, Macera CA, Patterson TL, Slymen DJ, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Defining military deployments using multiple data sources is examined. Deployment timing and duration metrics, critical for epidemiological studies, are valid in the Millennium Cohort Study.

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Self-reported health symptoms and conditions among complementary and alternative medicine users in a large military cohort Annals of Epidemiology 2009 Sep;19(9)613-22

Jacobson IG, White MR, Smith TC, Smith B, Wells TS, Gackstetter GD, Boyko EJ, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings illustrate that a relatively young adult occupational cohort of military personnel using CAM therapies also report multiple comorbidities which may indicate chronic illness management and poorer overall health.

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Body building, energy, and weight loss supplements are associated with deployment and physical activity in U.S. Military personnel Annals of Epidemiology 2012;22:318-330

Jacobson IG, Horton JL, Smith B, Wells TS, Boyko EJ, Lieberman HR, Ryan MAK, Smith TC, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Nearly half of the population studied reported use of energy, body building, or weight loss supplements, with energy supplements being the most highly endorsed (38%) supplement type. Deployment experience, physical activity, problem drinking, and suboptimal sleep emerged as important characteristics associated with supplement use, which may be of importance to medical planners and military policy makers in targeting adverse event monitoring and for future research determining how supplements affect performance and health over time.

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